Few things can disrupt the tranquility of a pond like algae. While having some beneficial green plants around your pond is always a good thing, the last thing you want is to have algae start growing and take over the water. Algae not only turns the water into a murky shade of ugly green, but it also depletes oxygen and can lead to more problems such as the fish dying off. Gaining control of algae and green water requires taking a balanced approach to your pond maintenance plans.
Know What You Are Dealing With
Algae works much like other plants by producing oxygen through photosynthesis. The problem with algae gets worse when there is not enough sunlight to make this process happen. Overnight and on cloudy days, algae creates carbon dioxide and respires, which causes oxygen levels in the pond to go down.
There are two main types of algae that you’ll find in a pond, and these are green water and string algae. The green water type is made up of single-celled organisms that develop in large numbers. They are so small that they can often pass through many common filters. String algae grows in long strands that you can visually spot accumulating on rocks or floating through the water. It is possible for both types to exist within your pond, but being able to recognize them helps you to plan better for algae control.
Add Beneficial Plants
The components of an active pond ecosystem should all flow well with each other. In a perfectly kept pond, fish create nutrients that are then absorbed by the plants. This leaves very few nutrients for algae to use for growth. Aquatic plants can help to choke out the algae by reducing nutrients in the water. Floating plants such as lilies and lotus add a touch of beauty while helping to reduce algae growth. Submerged plants are another option that won’t typically be noticeable from the surface.
Practice Proper Fish Breeding and Feeding
Fish help to promote a healthy ecosystem. However, you can sometimes do more harm than good if you don’t know how to care for the fish. Using a high quality food helps the fish to digest it more easily. This allows for fewer nutrients to pass into the water that could feed algae growth. You can also reduce the amount of nutrients that make it into the water by making sure that fish populations stay under control.
Use Water Treatments
Special treatments are available that you can use along with other methods to eliminate algae. A water treatment is best to use in the beginning if the pond already has substantial algae growth since it can provide fast results. Pond management companies in Florida can recommend a quality and safe water treatment that will improve the effectiveness of your other maintenance strategies.
Algae growth patterns can increase rapidly in response to environmental changes. Even something as small as a recent storm can throw off the balance of nutrients in the water. Maintaining a watchful eye on your pond helps you to know when it is time to respond to potential problems before they destroy the beauty of your favorite water feature.
At Crosscreek Environmental, we believe in providing a comprehensive, environmentally friendly approach in creating solutions to maintain the beauty and health of Florida's ponds, lakes, wetlands, and shorelines. We use the B.E.S.T.™ geo-tube solution and are one of the best geo-tube solution providers in the state of Florida.