Native plants are a vital part of a pond’s ecosystem. They provide nutrients to the fish, aquatic insects, and other animals that live around the water source. Aquatic plants can also act as a filter to help remove impurities and keep the water clean. Unfortunately, invasive aquatic weeds can harm the natural beauty and health of a pond, lake, or waterway.
Invasive aquatic weeds in Florida’s ponds can destroy the ecosystem and be an unsightly nuisance. Fortunately, there are several ways to remove and control these damaging aquatic plants to maintain the beauty of these bodies of water for the community. Below, we will describe the different types of invasive aquatic plants that are common in Florida and how to treat these damaging plants in various bodies of water.
Floating Aquatic Weeds
Floating aquatic weeds are hard to control. They do not have a root system, they multiply rapidly, and move around the pond with the water current and wind. Some types of floating aquatic weeds common in Florida include Duckmeal, Watermeal, and Water Hyacinth.
American Pondweed, Hydrilla, Elodea, and Coontail are types of submerged plants that are common in Florida. Submerged plants grow and live underwater and have a root system that extends into the pond floor. These plants grow where they can get plenty of light, consistent temperatures, and nutrients. The problem is that submerged plants are dense and cause fish to avoid areas where they grow. These invasive plants also restrict water flow, remove oxygen, and create dangerous water conditions.
All healthy aquatic ecosystems have algae. Algae provide food and other nutrients to aquatic organisms that thrive in lakes and ponds. Yet, too many algae can be a problem because it can cause harmful algae blooms. Algae bloom releases harmful toxins in the air and is dangerous to humans and animals.
Torpedograss, Napier grass, and Paragrass are harmful emergent plants that grow in wetlands and along the shoreline. Some emergent plants are beneficial to the health and beauty of an aquatic ecosystem. Yet, the harmful emergent plants can spread quickly and cause similar problems as submerged plants.
Controlling Aquatic Weeds
There are many ways pond management companies in Florida can control the weeds in your pond. These include:
• Aeration – This method uses devices to keep the water circulating and oxygenated to prevent the excessive growth of algae and aquatic weeds.
• Native Fish – Certain fish can disrupt the growth of algae and aquatic weeds to keep these invasive plants under control.
• Mechanical Harvesting and Hydro-Raking – Mechanical aquatic weed harvesting removes large amounts of damaging plants.
• Nutrient Remediation and Bacteria Augmentation – This method is a natural way to eliminate the nutrients that aquatic weeds and algae need to thrive.
Ponds and other water sources add beauty to the surrounding area and be a habitat for local wildlife. Contact one of the many pond management companies in Florida if you need maintenance services in your community.
At Crosscreek Environmental, we believe in providing a comprehensive, environmentally friendly approach in creating solutions to maintain the beauty and health of Florida's ponds, lakes, wetlands, and shorelines. We use the B.E.S.T.™ geo-tube solution and are one of the best geo-tube solution providers in the state of Florida.